“Sustaining Leadership Practices for Church Growth in Cambodia” / Part 4 /


2.2 The term of management:

What is management? According to the traditional interpretation of management, there are a variety of concepts about this term. Conventionally, the definition of “management” refers to the set of activities, which are based on the group of persons, participated in four general functions, such as planning, leading, organizing, and controlling activities[1]. John Nelson introduces that, “Management is an authority relationship between at least one manager and one subordinate who coordinate their activities.”[2] The role of management is very important in order to manage and respond to the different tasks of its organization. It includes all of the efforts of manger and followers to accomplish objectives and goals by using available resources effectively and efficiently.

However, leadership and management can be driven one organization into the successfulness or failure of its goal. For example, in the term of a church’s ministry, it can grow better and healthier if it consists of strong and good leadership and management. At the same time, church cannot grow with the crisis of leadership. However for the purpose of this thesis, the term leadership and management will be defined as the church leaders and pastors being able to look at the issue in their church leadership roles, leadership ethics, and leadership authorities and as well as being able to solve all of those issues, difficulties, and changes within their leadership practices in order to sustain a better and healthier of church growth in Cambodia.

2.                  3. Framing the issues in a church leadership role

The role of leadership is very important. Every church or denomination has its structure to choose their leaders. The role of leadership can often demonstrate much about a church. There were a wide variety of responses in regard to the role of leadership structure in Cambodia churches. The most uncommon role of church leadership in Cambodia is that of a single leader. A report releases by, image of the Body of Christ in Cambodia, confirms that “There are 26% of church leaders in Cambodia is a single leader.”[3] This role is normally given the title “pastor” or “kru konviel” in Khmer. Nearly 59% require that only those with special training can become pastors or church leaders, and about 15% say that any individual could potentially become church leaders.[4] Somehow, the issues are that the churches are young; pastors or leaders are frequently are young and as well as haven’t had access to biblical, church management and leadership training. Hence, they feel insecure about their roles or positions. 

 Next, I am going to talk about how Cambodian church selects their leaders. Indeed, the selection of leadership in churches across Cambodia is done in various ways. Portrait of the Body of Christ in Cambodia addresses that “39% of church leaders and pastors were elected by the congregation, 23% were appointed by others (may include superior church leaders, denominational leaders, donors, or a church planter), 16% were the first Christian in their village, 12% were selected because of their good character, 5% were chosen because of their education, and 4% of pastors or church leaders were selected for their potential to help the others.[5] As a result, the fundamental of church leadership and management roles are unstable. The passion of leaders just burnt out while they faced different challenges in their journey of a leadership role.

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